Similar to the working mechanism of cryptocurrencies, Ethereum is also an open-source virtual software operating machine that uses a blockchain similar to that of Bitcoin. The system is based on computer nodes connected to the network that makes it possible to form a “virtual platform” where program scripts can be run and thus generate cryptocurrency units of Ethereum cash called “Ether”. All the transactions are carried out in ether units which also offer the transactions to be peer to peer and without a centralized system. The virtual machine is based on an international system of nodes which renders the system open to the public in the form of blockchain ledgers.
After the boom of the bitcoin market, Ethereum was thought of by Vitalik Buterin, a Russian-Canadian programmer who had argued that there should have been a system for the development of online applications and software like the trading network Bitcoin already had. The concept gained mixed reviews, but the later development of the system is accredited to more than ten partners who had worked together. Originally funded by the internet crowdfunding, the Ethereum network was developed. The online software floatation system uses Ethereum cash for transactions which are also recorded in the form of ledgers to form a blockchain. Today the Ethereum cash transactions are maintained in two blockchains after an event of an attack on the original blockchain which has now persisted as “Classical Blockchain”.
Each unit of Ethereum network computation is referred to as “gas”, the payments for which can be made by the Ethereum cash. This cryptocurrency and computational system have often been compared to Bitcoin and other similar systems, but the two are different from one another in certain respects. The bitcoin blockchain takes a completion time of about ten to twelve minutes with the transaction rate of a few transactions per second. Ethereum, on the other hand, has far more transaction rate (up to 25 per second documented so far) takes only about a few seconds, usually 10 to 15, after which a newer one is created. Both blockchain systems use different methods for determining transaction fees where the Ethereum uses computational units of gas to determine the fees whereas the bitcoin system determined the fee by size. The value of Ethereum cash has staggered over the years with the current worth being more than 170$.
Ethereum system of cryptocurrency has been welcomed by various investment firms, software giants and banks for its public usage in the world. For this, “Quorum”, a variant of Ethereum has already been introduced by an investment firm that proposes the formation of a trading network without disturbing the privacy requirements of its users. The Ethereum has also been subject to admonish because of its usage over illegal transactions and for various Pyramid schemes which ended up committing fraud and stealing ether from users. Despite the safety algorithms that prevent changes in the ledger, ether has been stolen in history which has already led to the division of the blockchain into two.
Suffice to say, the cryptocurrency has come off the market as a revolutionizing concept that is expected to show manageable growth over the years to come.